Parathyroid glands in the human body help control phosphorous and calcium levels in the blood. There are four such glands that are located in the neck, adjacent to and behind the thyroid gland. The over activity of Parathyroid glands leads to hyperparathyroidism, that leads to increased calcium levels in the blood.
As a result you might experience occasional joint discomfort, muscle weakness, kidney stones, premature thinning of the bones, frequent urination and decreased alertness.
The most common symptoms of Parathyroid diseases that will require minimally invasive Parathyroid Surgery are chronic fatigue, osteoporosis, bone pain, sleeping difficulty, irritability, forgetfulness, decreased sex drive, gastric acid reflux, low vitamin D levels and heart arrhythmias or palpitations.
Adenoma is benign or non-cancerous tumors that form on glands in the body. They can form on any of the glands in the body like the breasts, lungs, heart and colon. In very rare cases these tumors do turn cancerous or malignant in which case they are called Adenocarcinomas.
There is no particular cause of adenomas. Many medical experts believe genetics have a role to play in the development of adenomas, but it is not the only reason. Certain drugs can increase the risk of adenomas especially in women. Drugs which affect levels of hormones in women, like birth control pills,could lead to the growth of adenomas.
The most obvious symptom of adenoma is the presence of a lump or a swelling. Hyperthyroidism or Parathyroidism leading to sudden weight loss or weight gains, metabolic changes in the body, kidney stones are all indicative of the presence of adenomas.
Ultrasound is a relatively inexpensive and non-invasive test that does not require radiation. Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands is used preoperatively to rule out thyroid nodules that may need to be evaluated prior to parathyroid surgery.
A high-resolution is CT scan used to help find a Parathyroid Tumor when a parathyroid scan and ultrasound are unsuccessful A CT scan is quicker and less expensive than an MRI.