Thyroid Cancer

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Thyroid Cancer develops in the thyroid, a small butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck. This gland produces hormones that regulate your metabolism (how your body uses energy). Thyroid hormones also help control your body temperature, blood pressure and heart rate. Thyroid cancer, a type of endocrine cancer, is generally highly treatable with an excellent cure rate.

Thyroid cancer might not cause any symptoms at first. But as it grows, it can cause pain and swelling in your neck.

Types of Thyroid Cancer

  • Papillary
  • Follicular
  • Medullary
  • Anaplastic
  • Thyroid lymphoma

  • Papillary :
  • The papillary is the most common type of thyroid cancer. Out of 10 about 6 of them are diagnosed by thyroid cancer. It is the most common type of disease among women and it mostly affects the younger people and sometimes it may spread to the neck and lymph of the body. Mostly it tends to grow slowly and if it is detected in the earlier stage it can be treated.

  • Follicular :
  • It is most often diagnosed in young and middle aged people. About 15 percent of thyroid cancers are this type. This type of cancer may spread to the other part such as bone and lymph.

  • Medullary :
  • There may be a connection with this type of cancer and inherited genetic syndromes. These syndromes may, in fact, include tumors in other glands as well. It arises from the thyroid's C cells. An elevated calcitonin level of blood can indicate this disease's presence at the early stages.

  • Anaplastic :
  • This type is even less common. It is also very, aggressive and difficult to treat. This particular type of thyroid cancer occurs in individuals over the age of 60.

  • Thyroid lymphoma :
  • Thyroid lymphoma is even rarer. It starts in the immune system cells of the thyroid gland. This version of the cancer usually happens in persons over the age of 70.

    Common thyroid cancer risk factors are include :

    • radiation exposure
    • prolonged thyroid stimulating hormone exposure
    • familial predisposition and chronic goiter
    • iodine deficiency
    • females are more susceptible compared to males
    • hereditary or genetic problems

    Treatment options may include surgery to remove the thyroid gland and nearby lymph nodes, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and hormone therapy.

    Some symptoms are thyroid cancer :

    • a lump or nodule in the throat
    • pain in the neck, jaw or ears
    • difficulty swallowing, a tickle in their throat
    • difficulty in breathing
    • Has difficulty speaking.